More About Tikanga

Tikanga, as explained by a paper published on the university of Victoria's website stems from Tika, meaning correct, and the suffix nga meaning the. So it essentially means the established "correct" ways of doing things, that is, pretty much morality, and ethics in terms of Maori culture. The history of Tikanga extends as far back as the Maori culture itself, as every culture is based on the values central to it. Pre-1840 Tikanga values were only known to Maori, but, after the signing of the Treaty of Waitangi that year which acknowledged New Zealand as a bicultural nation, it has come to hold more significance and can be integrated into the daily lives of all New Zealanders. Tikanga is such a wide umbrella, encompassing all other values Maori hold. This is because the protocol of Maori culture is based on the following through of values key to the culture. Some Tikanga values are:

Besides those listed here, there are many more Tikanga values. More can be found at this website


While Tikanga is about the ethics and values that are the pillars of Maori culture, it is also about customs and rituals themself, such as visiting a marae and performing the haka (customs will be explained in more detail on following pages).
The following pages, "Tikanga For Maori" and "Tikanga For Marist" will address exactly how values concerned with Tikanga relate to either Maori or our school and examples of customs of protocol in both environments.
Click the image on the left to find out about Tikanga in Maori culture, and the image on the right to find out how this applies to us at Marist College today.
 A Marae
Marist Girls